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What is Agile Methodology (Scrum)?

Agile Methodology Scrum in Software Programming

Agile methodology is a project management approach that focuses on delivering value to the customer through collaboration, flexibility, and continuous improvement. It originated from the Agile Manifesto, a set of principles and values that were established in 2001 by a group of software developers who were frustrated with traditional, waterfall-style project management methods.

Agile development, on the other hand, is a set of practices and techniques that are used to implement the agile methodology. These practices include iterative and incremental development, where the project is divided into smaller chunks that are delivered in a series of iterations, and each iteration builds upon the previous one. This allows the team to quickly deliver value to the customer, and to adjust to changing requirements and feedback as the project progresses.

The agile methodology and development practices have become popular in recent years, and they are now being used in a variety of industries, including software development, healthcare, marketing, and finance. This is because agile methods provide several benefits, including:

Faster delivery

Agile development allows teams to deliver value to the customer faster because they focus on delivering small chunks of the project in each iteration. This means that the customer can start using the product or service earlier, and can provide feedback that can be incorporated into future iterations.

Better collaboration

Agile development emphasizes collaboration and communication among team members, and between the team and the customer. This is achieved through regular meetings, such as daily stand-ups, where the team discusses progress, challenges, and priorities. This helps to ensure that everyone is on the same page and that the team can quickly respond to changes and feedback.

Improved quality

Agile development includes practices that help to ensure that the product or service is of high quality. For example, teams may use automated testing to ensure that the code is working as expected, and they may use techniques such as pair programming to review each other’s code and catch mistakes before they become problems.

Higher customer satisfaction

Agile development focuses on delivering value to the customer, and this means that the customer is involved in the project from the start. The customer can provide feedback on the product or service, and the team can incorporate this feedback into future iterations. This helps to ensure that the final product or service meets the customer’s needs and expectations.

There are several different agile frameworks that teams can use to implement agile methodology and development practices. Some of the most popular frameworks include Scrum, Kanban, and Lean.

Scrum Framework

Scrum is a framework that is commonly used in software development, and it is based on the principles of transparency, inspection, and adaptation. The team uses sprints, which are short time periods (usually two to four weeks) during which a specific set of work is completed. During each sprint, the team holds daily stand-up meetings, where they discuss progress and challenges, and they review and adjust the work plan as needed.

Agile Methodology

Kanban Framework

Kanban is a framework that is based on the principles of visualizing the work, limiting the work in progress, and continuously improving the process. The team uses a Kanban board, which is a visual representation of the work that is being done, and the team uses this board to track progress and make adjustments as needed.

Lean Framework

Lean is a framework that is based on the principles of eliminating waste, maximizing value, and continuously improving the process. The team focuses on delivering value to the customer as quickly and efficiently as possible, and they use techniques such as value stream mapping and kaizen (continuous improvement) to identify and eliminate waste.

Overall, agile methodology and development provide a flexible and customer-focused approach to project management and delivery. They allow teams to quickly deliver value to the customer, and to continuously improve the process.

SCRUM Methodology in Software Development

In a typical agile methodology (Scrum) project, the development team is cross-functional and self-organizing, with a clear hierarchy of roles and responsibilities. The team is led by a Scrum Master, who is responsible for facilitating the process and ensuring that the team follows the Scrum framework.

The development process in agile methodology (Scrum) is iterative and incremental, with the team working in sprints to deliver working software at the end of each sprint. Each sprint begins with a planning meeting, where the team determines the goals and priorities for the sprint. The team then works together to complete the tasks needed to achieve those goals.

Throughout the sprint, the team meets daily in a brief meeting called a daily standup, where they discuss progress and any challenges they are facing. At the end of the sprint, the team holds a sprint review meeting, where they demo the working software to stakeholders and gather feedback.

Benefits of Scrum Agile Development

One of the key benefits of agile methodology (Scrum) is its focus on flexibility and adaptability. The short sprints allow the team to quickly respond to changing requirements or priorities, ensuring that the software being developed is aligned with the needs of the business. This makes it well-suited to fast-paced environments where requirements may evolve quickly.

Overall, agile methodology (Scrum) is a widely-used and effective methodology for managing software development projects. Its focus on delivering working software quickly and its emphasis on collaboration and adaptability make it a popular choice among agile teams.